Time Travel Into the Future

Although most people consign time travel to the realm of science fiction or fantasy, time travel into the future is established scientific fact, and Einstein and numerous physicists have presented the world with irrefutable evidence not only mathematically but in practical experiments like the one conducted by Hafele and Keating in 1971. Two atomic clocks were put aboard a plane which traveled around the world. When the plane landed, the clocks aboard it were “behind” by 59 nanoseconds in comparison to those that had remained on the ground. This is because as the speed increases, the clocks aboard a plane, train, spacecraft or other vehicle “slow down” in relation to clocks that remain behind.

Just as the mechanism of a clock in a vehicle moves more slowly compared to one which is relatively stationary, the metabolism of a human body will slow relatively as well. The heart, the digestive organs, respiration, brain activity, and similar functions will slow in relation to those of the human beings left behind and the faster the speed, the greater the difference. In the well known Twin Paradox, one identical twin leaves earth aboard a spacecraft traveling at a speed close to the speed of light. He travels a distance of five light years, turns around and returns to earth to find that, while he has been away, fifty years have gone by. While he has aged only ten years, his identical twin is now fifty years older. If our traveler had traveled at a greater speed and/or been away longer, the results would be even more dramatic, e.g., he could return to find that his twin had died centuries or even millennia before.

In A Briefer History of Time, Stephen Hawking says flatly, “It is possible to travel to the future. That is, relativity shows that it is possible to create a time machine that will jump you forward in time. You step into the time machine, wait, step out, and find that much more time has passed on the earth than has passed for you. We do not have the technology today to do this, but it is just a matter of engineering; we know it can be done.”

Scientists at Fermilab have been able to get protons up to 99.999946 percent of the speed of light using their particle accelerator. In Time Travel in Einstein’s Universe: The Physical Possibilities of travel Through Time, the renowned physicist J. Richard Gott says “if we can accelerate protons to greater than 99.995 percent of the speed of light, we could also send off an astronaut at the same speed. It’s just a matter of cost.” That cost would, he goes on to say, be huge because a human being weighs about 40 octillion times as much as a proton. Sadly, it doesn’t appear to be in our immediate future.

Are there any other methods besides achieving speeds near the speed of light? Gott describes another method that would definitely work, but would be even more difficult. The first step is to “disassemble the planet Jupiter and use its material to construct around yourself an incredibly dense spherical shell needed for that mass to collapse to a black hole (for a Jupiter-mass shell, that is a bit bigger than 5.64 meters, roomy enough for you to sit inside).” Gott goes on to provide detailed instructions of the steps necessary to construct this machine. “The bits of mass in the shell would completely surround you, and the forces they exert on you would act in all different directions, canceling each other out exactly, leaving a net zero effect [so] no gravitational forces would affect you.” Inside, time would go by four times more slowly than outside the sphere. After what would be 50 years, the occupant would emerge to find that 200 years had gone by. This would work, but no person or government on earth has the resources to construct such a device.

Are there any other methods of travelling to the future? None that we know will work. A number of scientists theorize that wormholes could be used, but this is only a hypothesis. At this point there is no evidence that wormholes even exist.

Nevertheless, time travel continues to fascinate us. It has always been a part of legends, folk tales and myths, always a part of literature and fantasy. Perhaps its day will come sooner than we imagine. Science always surprises us.

Best Travel Tips for First Time Travelers

Traveling opens up your mind to the outer world. The more one travels, more experience one gains and wiser he becomes. However, all this is applicable when one has already traveled quite a bit. Traveling for the first time is definitely a jittery experience for the traveler. There are innumerable things that need to be considered for undertaking a trip and making it successful.

Mentioned below find some extremely useful travel tips for first time travelers so that the trip remains memorable and hassle-free:

Packing

• Keeping travel documents in place – Ensure that you have your passport in place with more than 6 months of validity in place. Arrange for a suitable visa or permit if needed. Book discount business class flights for traveling comfortably and saving money at the same time.

• Pack less – Clothes, shoes, cosmetics should be packed as less as possible. Baggage allowance is restricted. Why pay more money for carrying things you would probably not need? However, make sure to carry good amounts of undergarments as you might not always get a chance of washing them always. Carry band-aids, Imodium and Aspirin.

• Chargers and memory cards – Your electronic devices like mobile, iPad, the tab and even the camera will need charging. Bring respective chargers. Also carry extra memory cards for the camera as you might need it.

• Currency – If you are traveling in your own country, there is no need for currency change. But in case of an international trip, keep some exchanged currency handy.

During travel and transit

• Reach airport early – Airports might not be the best places to hangout, but it is good to be early than being late. Don’t panic during security checks – you are not carrying a bomb with you. Try and have a good meal before the flight as airport prices are exorbitant.

• Relax on the flight – With discount business class seat, relax on the flight. Get an earplug or an eye mask if you want to catch up on some sleep. To remain entertained bring an iPod, a novel, a pack of cards or anything that interests you.

• Setting time as per destination time zone – If the distance is a long one, chances of jet lag are high. Setting time as per destination time zone will help you in getting sleep at the right time so that you feel less jet lagged.

• Cooperate with border officials – This is important. Answer all asked questions truthfully. But do not go overboard with volunteering. Less is more in this regard.

On reaching the destination

• Be polite and courteous – On reaching the new destination, it is always good to be polite and courteous to people you meet. If language is a barrier, ask in signs. Most of the people will help you.

• Avail local transportation while traveling – Hiring a car will not give you the real sense of the place. To get the actual flavor, avail local transportation. With this, you can save money as well as experience the place from close quarters. You can also interact with the commoners via the journey.

• Keep money and valuables in a safe place – At the first place, it is recommended not to carry any kinds of valuables on the trip. However, you will carry some cash for sure. Keep it hidden in some safe place or even better carry it with you. Just don’t keep on checking that to draw public attention.

• Enjoy local foods, drinks and culture – Now that you are on a vacation, you will not get everything like home. Try various kinds of local foods and drinks. Try food stalls that sell authentic and fresh local food. Such foods are fresh and cheaper when compared to foods in big restaurants.

These are some very basic tips for first time travelers. Once you gain the confidence after first time traveling, things will become simpler for you in future!

Advice for a First Time Traveler

First timers are usually the most excited travelers! But they’re also the most nervous because it’s their first time and they don’t know quite what to expect and prepare. Here is a guide for first time travelers:

1. Know Your Budget:
If you’re a first time traveler, you’ll benefit a lot from planning early. First take a look at your bank account and determine what the budget is. You don’t want to plan a vacation only to realize later you can’t afford it. One of the advantages of planning early is that you can pick up extra jobs for some extra cash.

2. Select Your Destination:
For a first time traveler, we would suggest nothing too far. If you can first travel locally then that would be a great first time experience. If you’re traveling internationally, we’d suggest choosing a country where English is spoken or at least understood. First time travelers often select a destination which has a friend or a relative living close by in case they run into some trouble.

3. Buy A Cheap Ticket:
Buying early and buying online is the best way to find a cheap ticket. Don’t buy the first ticket you see. Airlines change fares constantly so check multiple times a week. Use different websites to compare fare prices. Once you find a reasonable deal, bag that bargain quickly.

4. When To Fly:
Flying midweek is cheaper than flying on weekends. Taking an indirect route to your destination, with layovers, will be cheaper than a direct flight. You’ll also find cheap tickets for flights from smaller airports.

5. Book Your Accommodation:
Research online the accommodation options offered at your destination. Hotels tend to be more expensive so a lot of travelers prefer a B&B or a hostel. Hostels are especially popular among young folks. You’ll meet all sorts of interesting people there from across the world.

6. Airport Tips:
Don’t wear too many clothes as it will take you more time at security check to peel off the layers. Use the airport toilet before you board the flight. Don’t stand up as soon as they announce boarding; You’ll be standing a long time. The plane won’t leave without you and nobody will take your seat.

7. Travel Comfortably:
If you’re traveling business or first-class then you’ll be very comfortable. However, if you’re flying economy, there are a few things you can do for a pleasant journey. Definitely buy a travel pillow. Or a leg hammock. If you’re a picky eater, you’re more unlikely to like plane food. Bring your own food for the journey.

8. Meeting Immigration Officer:
Once you’ve arrived, immediately take out your passport and other documents required for immigration check.

9. Keep Safe:
As you explore your destination, be very vigilant of your surroundings to avoid pickpockets and thugs. Use a money belt when you’re out and about. Stick to crowded areas. Never walk alone at night. Don’t keep your belongings on you at all times. Keep them locked up in your hotel.

Early Time Travel Stories

The idea of traveling through time is one which is natural to our modern sensibilities. While there is some debate as to how possible such an exercise may be, most everyone at least acknowledges it as a popular concept in fictional literature.

However the idea of time travel as a plot possibility is one which is not found much in human culture throughout the ages. We have a few ancient stories that have a rough inclination towards traveling forward in time, but there are no recorded mentions of even a vague idea of backward time travel found in any written form until at least the 1700’s.

One of the earliest mentions we have of time travel at all comes from an ancient Hindu text called the Mahabharatha. This story dates back to around 700 BCE – 300 CE and involves King Revaita traveling to heaven to meet Brahma. Upon returning home he finds that several hundred years have passed.

In 720 CE we see the tale of Urashima Taro described in the Nihongi, which describes the adventure of a fisherman who travels to an undersea palace for three days. When he returns home he finds that 300 years have actually passed, and his house has collapsed and his family has all passed and everything he owned in life is gone. This is quite similar to Washington Irving’s story Rip Van Winkle.

A more modern version of the time travel story comes from Louis-Sebastien Mercien’s book “The Year 2440, A Dream If Ever There Were One”. This extremely popular book depicts the tale of a man who has a fight with a philosopher friend of his about the problems with Parisian society. He then falls asleep, and when he awakes he is in a Paris of the future. While the story was fictional the author actually intended the book to be a guideline for people to follow to create a utopian society.

The first story that even toys with the notion of backwards time travel is “Memoirs of the Twentieth Century” by Samuel Madden. This is comprised mostly of a series of letters sent by British Ambassadors regarding the state of the nation in 1997, and 1998. The overlying story is that the narrator of the book was given the letters by a guardian angel in 1733, although there is no explanation of how the angel acquired those letters.

Later time travel novels include A Christmas Carol, by Charles Dickens, and the Time Machine, by HG Wells. The latter book, The Time Machine, is really the novel that popularized time travel as a literary concept, and has been the guideline for all time travel novels that have come since.